The Universal Periodic Review (UPR) is a unique process which involves a review of the human rights records of all 192 UN Member States once every four years. The UPR is a State-driven process, under the auspices of the Human Rights Council, which provides the opportunity for each State to declare what actions they have taken to improve the human rights situations in their countries and to fulfil their human rights obligations. As one of the main features of the Council, the UPR is designed to ensure equal treatment for every country when their human rights situations are assessed.


Name1 Universal Periodic Review (UPR)
Target Outcome Promotion and protection of human rights.
Social actors and roles 192 UN Member States; Human Rights Council (Actor Atlas page);
Trigger or preceding interaction UPR Establishment on 15 March 2006 by the UN General Assembly in resolution 60/251.
Interfaces and services services
Inputs and outputs inputs: National Report, Compilation of UN information Summary of stakeholders' information; output: Report of the Working group
Stores and tools tools
Other characteristics
Part of Realm Monitoring & Evaluation
Parts Periodic Reporting per UN Member State (Interaction Dictionary page)
Succeeding Interactions Implementation by the reviewed states of the recommendations contained in the final outcome (part of Realm Change in the reviewed state).
Action Realm Monitoring & Evaluation
Further reading

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