Planning in organizations and public policy is both the organizational process of creating and maintaining a plan; and the psychological process of thinking about the activities required to create a desired goal on some scale.

Handbook on Planning, Monitoring and Evaluating for Development Results (UNDP) provides a detailed description of various aspects of planning as it is applied in UNDP, with attention to stakeholder analysis, problem identification and prioritization, problem analysis, vision statement, results map, assumptions and risks.


Template

The clarification for the fields in the template is given in the Interaction template (Actant Dictionary).

Name Planning
Domain
Target Outcome
Social actors and roles
Trigger or preceding interaction Programme launch (for a Monitoring against a results framework; or a Policy decision (for institutionalised monitoring)
Interfaces and services
Inputs and outputs inputs: Issues note, Programme, project or other initiation document; output: Development plan, or a programme or project plan.
Stores and tools Planning tools and methodologies such as PRINCE2® (Official PRINCE2® Website);
Other characteristics
Part of Programme Management or Project Management
Parts stakeholder analysis, problem identification and prioritization, problem analysis, vision statement, results map, assumptions and risks
Succeeding Interactions Evaluation, correcting programmes or projects, other change decisions.
Alternatives
Action Realm Monitoring & Evaluation
Risks Poor planning is a frequent cause of failed projects or programmes.
Further reading Planning (Wikipedia), Planning for results: Practical applications (part of Handbook on Planning, Monitoring and Evaluating for Development Results (UNDP)), Collaborative Planning Methodology - #pi9

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Position of Planning among the interactions: